Da'wah / FYI / Islaam / Prophet Muhammad

Socialism, Justice & Equality

Shaykh ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin Humayd wrote a wonderful treatise entitled, “A Commentary on Sermons of Prophet Muhammad on his last Pilgrimage.” He {rahimahullaah} mentioned in his introduction; “Undoubtedly, the sermons of the Prophet {sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam} embody immense knowledge, great advantages, supreme principles and beneficial exhortations which every Muslim must know and act upon.”

I’d like to share some excerpts regarding the sanctity of property, private and common ownership, socialism, justice and equality, In Shaa Allaah.” There are some who’ll ignorantly argue with every fiber of their being that Islaam is an oppressive religion, a religion of inequality. It is hoped that this, and other passages to come, will disprove those lies and perhaps those that spread them will come to realize that Islaam is indeed the Religion of truth and justice.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُونُواْ قَوَّامِينَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُهَدَاء لِلّهِ
وَلَوْ عَلَى أَنفُسِكُمْ أَوِ الْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالأَقْرَبِينَ إِن يَكُنْ غَنِيًّا أَوْ فَقَيرًا فَاللّهُ أَوْلَى بِهِمَا فَلاَ تَتَّبِعُواْ الْهَوَى أَن تَعْدِلُواْ وَإِن تَلْوُواْ أَوْ تُعْرِضُواْ
فَإِنَّ اللّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا

O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allaah, even though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, be he rich or poor, Allaah is a Better Protector to both (than you). So follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest you may avoid justice, and if you distort your witness or refuse to give it, verily, Allaah is Ever Well­ Acquainted with what you do.
4:135

The Religion of Justice
The aforementioned verse is applied in general. It deals with the observance of and adherence to justice in all matters whether relating to one’s self, kith and kin or the rich and poor. Therefore, it is not permissible to bear witness against a rich man in favor of a poor one only because the latter is weak. Similarly, it is not permissible to bear witness against a rich man out of envy for his wealth.

On the contrary, Allaah the Exalted has commanded us to observe justice and follow the Divine Law in bearing witness against or for a person. One should therefore bear witness against a rich man in favor of a poor man and vice-versa if righteousness and justice so demand. When Allaah has forbidden bearing witness in favor of a poor man only because of his property, how can it then be declared lawful to wrest the properties of the wealthy and distribute them among the poor in order to establish equality of wealth among them? This is repugnant to justice ordained by the aforementioned verse and is antagonistic to the Divine Law and Religion that has given some people precedence over others in wealth with the result that one is rich and the other is poor. One is noble and the other is low. One is a king and the other is a beggar. Allaah the Exalted Knows Best the interest of His creatures.

The doctrine of socialism clearly opposes the Divine institutions of Zakaah, inheritance and charity because belief in socialism as a national corollary negates the existence of the Zakaah payer and receiver, the one who leaves inheritance and the one who inherits, the one who gives alms and the one who receives it. The result of common ownership is hostile to Divine Law and against the order of life.

Equality

Wealth does not constantly remain in one condition in which all individuals should be made equal. Wealth is just like favors and wisdom bestowed upon men by Allaah. Allaah has not made all people equal with one another in these Divine gifts with the result of differences akin to the law of life that exists between men. This point becomes clearer with the fact that Prophet Muhammad {sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam} did not nationalize or enforce equality of property between the rich and the poor – neither in the days of prosperity or adversity. Although a number of people – having no means of sustenance except alms given to them – attended congregational prayers in his Sacred Masjid, he did not usurp the property of any rich man of Madeenah to give to the poor. He did not establish equality of property among the rich and poor although the poor needed it more.

In order to equip the army for the Battle of Tabuk, the Prophet {sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam} coaxed the rich to volunteer donations according to their means. They competed with one another in making donations according to their capacity. There was a notable difference in their donations proportionate to their material means and in their inclinations towards good. If assets of the rich were for the whole Ummah and people had no right of ownership of property earned by legal means, Prophet Muhammad {sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam} would have wrested them from the rich and equipped the army in the hours of acute adversity and would not have resorted to exhort them to contribute.

The example of the Prophet Muhammad {sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam} – the best of all creatures and their Imaam is before you!

Verses from the Quraan and the traditions of the Prophet {sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam} to which an allusion has already been made, provide an unambiguous refutation of the doctrine of common ownership propounded by socialism. This theory has no connection with Islaam.

The first man to adopt and invite people to this theory was a Persian named Muzdak. Women and the poor followed him in multitude. King Qabdah gave his full support. His son, Norsherwan succeeded him in throne. After his father’s death, he put Mazdak and his supporters to the sword, revoked common ownership and held the peoples’ properties as sacred as their lives and honor. The Persian emperor – who rejected the theory of common ownership – was that very emperor whom the Prophet {sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam} paid homage to with the words; “I was born in the period of a just king…”

Some so-called scholars – who believe in common ownership of wealth least ponder over its reality – these conceited scholars are only instruments in the hands of politicians and act as puppets of governments. They abound in number everywhere.

Selected Excerpts taken from:

“A Commentary on Sermons of Prophet Muhammad on his last Pilgrimage”
Shaykh ‘Abdullaah bin Humayd {former head of the Senior Judiciary Committee,
former member of the Council of Senior Scholars & former head of the Jurisprudence Committee}.
Pages 12 – 15 {Eng.}

After reading this section of the Shaykh’s treatise, the tale of “Robin Hood and his merry men” came to mind. They were infamous for robbing the rich to give to the poor. Some of the same people that slander the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) by labeling him as an oppressor love myths and so-called legends as such. They dress their children up in Halloween costumes consciously or unconsciously glorifying socialism, thievery and rebelling against the ruler.  They ever so lovingly tuck their little ones into bed after having read such tales.

“What is the matter with you? How do you judge?”

68:36

Haneefah

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