Tips to Improve Listening and Note Taking
A well-organized lecture is like a well-written essay. Both have the same structure and development. To listen efficiently, the student must recognize what this structure and development entails.
|1. Introduction||Sets the social situation; establishes context|
|2. Thesis||Topic; main idea|
|3. Body||Development of main idea-not more than six points|
|4. Summary||Restates, lists, summarizes, and/or gives significance|
|5. Irrelevancies||Digressions, jokes, stories|
Not all lectures are well organized. If this is the case, the student should try to identify important points through the instructor’s delivery cues.
|1. Visual||What is written on the board or overheads|
|2. Vocal||Transitional words which key students to main ideas; repetition of ideas or phrases; pauses; voice level and speed|
|3. Postural||Hand gestures; the way instructor moves in class|
Source: Oregon State’s Academic Success Center