As salaamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh.
Tidbit: The little vowel the you see after the entry in dictionaries such as the Hans Wehr indicates the middle vowel of a present tense verb.
- Ex: If you were to look up كتب kataba, you’d see the letter “u” after it representing dhammah. Therefore, the middle vowel in the present tense is “u” يكتب yak-tu-bu.
- Ex: If you were to look up جلس jalasa, you’d see the letter “i” after it representing kasrah. Therefore, the middle vowel in the present tense is “i” يجلس yaj-li-su.
I hope that it comes in handy for someone In Shaa Allaah.
Source: Tip taken from “Arabic Verbs & Essentials of Grammar”Page 17
The tip and first example was modified and the second example was added in for simplicity.