بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله وسلم على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن اهتدى بهديه إلى يوم الدين أما بعد
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
﴿فَأَيَّدْنَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ عَلَى عَدُوِّهِمْ﴾
(So, We gave power to those who believed against their enemies,) that is,`We gave them victory over the group of Christians which defied them,’
“And they became the victorious (uppermost).” – over the disbelieving group, when We sent Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).’
Imaam Abu Ja`far bin Jareer At-Tabari (may Allaah have mercy upon him) reported that Ibn `Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said, “When Allaah decided to raise `Eesaa (Jesus – peace be upon him) to heaven, `Eesaa went to his companions while drops of water were dripping from his head. At that time, there were twelve men at the house. `Eesaa said to them, `Some of you will disbelieve in me twelve times after having believed in me.’ He then asked, `Who among you volunteers that he be made to resemble me and be killed instead of me; he will be with me in my place (in Paradise).’ One of the youngest men present volunteered, but `Eesaa commanded him to sit down. He repeated his statement and the young man again stood up and volunteered, and `Eesaa again told him to sit down. He repeated the same statement and the young man volunteered. This time, `Eesaa (peace be upon him) said, `Then it will be you.’
The appearance of ‘Eesaa was cast upon that young man, while `Eesaa, peace be upon him, was raised to heaven through an opening in the roof of the house. The Jews came looking for `Eesaa and arrested the one that appeared as him, killing him by crucifixion.
Some of them disbelieved in `Eesaa twelve times, after they had believed in him. They divided into three groups. One group, Al-Ya`qubiyyah (the Jacobites), said, Allaah (God) remained with us as much as He willed and then ascended to heaven.’ Another group, An-Nasturiyyah (the Nestorians), said, Allaahs’ son remained with us as much as Allaah willed and He then raised him up to heaven.’ A third group said, “Allaahs’ servant and Messenger remained with us as much as Allaah willed and then Allaah raised him up to Him.’ The last group was the Muslim group. The two disbelieving groups collaborated against the Muslim group and annihilated it. Islaam remained unjustly concealed until Allaah sent Muhammad.
Tafseer of Soorah as Saff (61:14)
Imaam Ibn Katheer (rahimahullaah)