بسم اللّه الرّحمان الرّحيم
The Linguisitic Definition of the Word Masjid
Question: What is the Masjid linguistically and religously?
Answer: Linguistically, the Masjid is the place of prostration. Religously, it is everything that is built for the Muslims to offer the five daily prayers in congregation. It is also used to refer to that which is more general than this. Thus, it also includes that place that a person uses in his house (or has allocated) to offer the voluntary prayers in, or he uses it to perform the obligatory prayers when he is unable to offer them in the Masjid where the people have established the congregational prayer. From this is that which Al-Bukhaaree and others recorded from Jaabir, may Allaah be pleased with him, who said that the Messenger of Allaah sallallahu ‘alaihi was sallam said :
“I was given five (things) that no one was given before me. I was aided with Ar Ru’b (fright cast into the hearts of enemies) for a month’s distance (of travel), and the earth was made a Masjid (place of prayer) for me and a means of purification. So any man from my nation (the Muslims) whom the (time for) prayer catches, then let him offer the prayer….”
Al Bukhaaree #335 & Muslim #521
The Permanent Committee
Fataawaa Islaamiyyah Vol. #3, Page #19
As salaamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh.